Swimming Strokes: All Styles and Characteristics (Swimming Strokes)


Swimming is a great sport, but to start you first need to know what the swimming strokes are. This article will tell you everything about swimming strokes. In a planet made of 70% of water, human being has a deep relationship with water, needed for us to live, and in our daily life in coast places like beaches, islands, coast cities (New York), etc. We humans can develop the ability of swimming, which is repeating a specific motion of the body to push the forward or backwards. All of that depends on the swimming stroke that’s applied. Many styles have been discovered. These styles are called strokes, and they mostly depend on the intention of the swimming. Sports have lots to do in it. There many styles, depending on the position of the person to the water and the direction and manner of swimming on itself.

Some people can swim for fun by passing a good time with family or friends. There are also others who actually take this very seriously as a profession. Swimmers, needs very good training in order to maintain competitive in the swimming field, or pool. This sport is very physically demanding. They need a very good level of oxygen in their bodies, and inside the pool, the water is limited so they need to push their bodies harder, and learn how to manage the little oxygen they have to keep going with the same strength. Swimmers that participate in competitions take in one breath and gradually let it out over three or four strokes. In here we have the swimming strokes styles:



Is the most popular swimming style, especially because is the oldest. It’s the slowest official stroke used in swimming competitions. Is performed with your head looking the water leaning or the chest with the arms breaking into the water and pushing the body forward with the legs under water constantly, the body should be aligned    with the water surface and the shoulders and hips leveled to the water. The arm motion is circular and the legs need to kick to push even harder in a synchronized manner.


In this style the hands start in the water in front of the shoulder, then, they’re pulled towards the feet until they reach the thighs and back again in the same position repeating the circular motion, with a big part of the body inside the water this style is very demanding because more strength is needed, the position of the head needs to stay in the water at all times, except for when a breath is needed in order to be able of lift the arms out of the water and make the impulse.


            This style is officially the only one to be swum on the back. Backstroke style mostly uses the arms to move forward. To stabilize the body the legs has to make a kicking in an up-and-down motion. The benefit of it’s that it makes breathing easier but it also means that is harder for the swimmer to see where they are going.

Front Crawl

Front Crawl, it is the fastest stroke, however can be difficult to learn. This is mainly because it is hard to find a good breathing point. In this style, the body should be as close to the water surface as possible with the hips and legs at the back of the shoulders all times. The leg movement requires a long and fast kicking motion, making sure the whole leg is moving up and down. The knees should be bent slightly and the feet should make a small splash. Also, the arm movement in front crawl consists of a push and pulls stroke and a recovery stage.

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